- What are phospholipids composed of?
- In isomerization reactions, the reactants and the products have the same
________ but different ________.
- Why is FADH2 produced at one step in the citric acid
- How are ATP and ADP molecules different?
- What is the final product of the electron transport chain in cellular
- Account for the 36 ATP produced during cellular respiration.
- Explain why 36 ATP are produced under ideal conditions.
- Explain why it is essential that muscle cells, during anaerobic respiration,
convert pyruvate into lactic acid, even though the cell obtains very little
energy in this process and the accumulation of lactic acid causes muscle
fatigue and pain.
- Phospholipids are composed of glycerol backbone, phosphorylated alcohol,
and fatty acids.
- ...the same chemical formula but different formation.
- Because that stem does not release quite enough energy to reduce NADH.
- ADP has less stored energy.
- A molecule of water.
6. The following chart accounts for the 36 ATP in cellular
Number of ATP Produced
2 NADH x3
=4 (-2 from moving into mitochondria)
Oxidation of Pyruvate
|2 NADH x3
Citric Acid Cycle
|6 NADH x3
2 FADH2 x2
TOTAL: 36 ATP
- ATP will leave depending on the conditions of the cell. If there
isn't enough oxygen, the cell changes to aerobic respiration, sometimes our
body will produce more ATP because of more energy needed by our bodies, some
ATP is used towards other parts of our bodies and performed in other life
functions like going to form fats and proteins.
- It is essential that muscle cells during anaerobic respiration, convert
pyruvate to lactic acid incase there isn't any more oxygen produced.
When there isn't oxygen present, NADH can't be recycled, therefore
glycolysis can't continue. In order to produce energy, our bodies need
to rely on another system. The lactic acid system, which doesn't
require oxygen, can still produce energy.